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Galapagos islands month by month and "Galapagos wildlife"




  • Española’s marine iguanas get a bright coloring to attract mates.
  • Marine and land iguanas courtship period.
  • Green sea turtles start laying eggs.
  • Hatching of Giant tortoises eggs’.
  • Weather: wet and humid.


  • Nesting season for blue-footed boobies, American oystercatchers, waved albatross,  and flightless cormorants.
  • Start of sea lion breeding season. 
    Lava lizards mating season.
  • Weather: July and August are the months with strongest winds.


  • Greater flamingos start nesting on Floreana Island.
  • Marine iguanas nest on Santa Cruz Island.
  • Penguins migrate away from Bartolomé Island to cooler waters of Isabela and Fernandina Island.
  • Weather:  Rainy season.


  • Frigatebird chicks are hatching.
  • Sea lions give birth during this time.
  • Giant tortoises go back to the highlands after laying their eggs.
  • Weather: still in rainy season.


  • Marine Iguanas nest on Fernandina and North Seymour Islands.
  • Frigate birds mating season starts on San Cristóbal and Genovesa islands.
  • Weather: wet and humid.
  • Perfect time for snorkeling.


  • You can spot Galapagos penguins during their courtship on Bartolomé Island.
  • Sea birds at nesting sites can be seen.
  • A good month to see baby sea lions.
  • Weather: peak of garua season.


  • Rainy season comes to an end.
  • Water temperature is the highest.
  • Sea turtles, marine iguanas and land iguanas nesting.
    Waved albatross come back to Española Island and begin nesting.
  • Due to the lack of rain during the months of April and May the arid zone changes from green to brown, only the highlands remain green.


  • Blue-footed booby chicks can be seen on Española and Isabela.
  • Lava herons start nesting.
  • Galapagos fur sea lions mating season.
  • Weather: average temperature 71º F.


  • Waved albatross lay eggs on Española Island.
  • Blue-footed boobies begin their world-known courtship.
  • Weather: fine and clear.


  • Chance of seeing whale sharks in the far northwest of the Islands.
  • Green sea turtle mating season starts.
  • Great for swimming and snorkeling with baby sea lions.
  • Weather: Clear and warmer, average temperature 73º F.


  • Whale sharks could be seen in the northwestern islands toward the end of the month.
  • Santa Cruz giant tortoises migrate to lowlands searching for good nesting-places.
  • Humpback whales can be seen around the islands.
  • Weather:  misty and it starts the “dry season” known for its blue skies and mid-day showers.


  • It marks the start of the warm season in the Islands.
  • Baby giant tortoises start hatching.
  • Waved-albatross nesting season is ending.
  • Marine and land iguanas begin mating.
  • Sea lions and fur sea lions breeding.
  • Weather: sunshine and great for enjoying the water.



Located on the equator, the Galapagos climate is tempered by the Humbolt Current, so you do not experience extreme heat. The warmest weather is in December to June, when temperatures range from 72 to 90 degrees, while the water temperature is in the mid 70 degrees. July to November is cooler, ranging from mid 60's to 75 degrees. The average water temperature rarely reaches 70 degrees.
Teodoro Wolf affirmed, and he was right that "the climate of the Galapagos Islands" is one of the healthiest and pleasant of the world. The factor altitudinal from the banks of the sea until the volcanic Galapagos craters reproduces strips of vegetation: 

First strip. - The Galapagos sand beaches at sea level characterized by an average temperature of 21º and 22º C. Droughts with weak sprinkles from January to April. This zone presents a desertic aspect in which locusts trees are developed, giant cereus, opuntias, holy stick. Sometimes small mangroves, coconut trees introduced from the continent, like in Santa Cruz Island. 

Second strip. - From the limit of the beaches up to the 200m. by the south side and up to the 250m. by the north side; there are plants xerófilas covering this sector, but they lose corpulence due to the strong winds. 

Third strip. - Understood among 200 and 250m. up to the 450m. temperature of 17º and with a humidity by constant drizzles in summer and strong rains in winter. Presence of forests always green: guava ( Psidium guajaba), milky stick, cat fingernail, grasses and herbaceous ferns, remember the aspect of the plateaus in the continent to 3,000m.This strip is favorable for the agriculture above to 450m. Productive chacras (fields) where the sugar cane, the yuca (manihot), the camote (a kind of sweet potato) is appreciated, otoy  root to which we also call potato inca), potatoes, the cabbage, the lettuce, the carrot, artichokes, plantane, african bananas, pineapples, melons, watermelons, guavas, oranges, lemons, figs and palms. 

Fourth strip. - Above the 450m. several kinds of ferns and extensive pampas covered with thick straw that grow in a cold and humid climate, characterized by frequent fog and drizzles.

The Galapagos Islands:, its altitudes, temperature and rain fall are the following ones:

Puerto Baquerizo (San Cristobal Island)…………….................. 6m.a.s.l…...23.8ºC…......259 mm. 
Charles Darwin Research Station(Santa Cruz Island) .....6m.a.s.l…...23.1ºC....... 93.1mm.
Baltra Island (Airport)…...…………………..............…....….............. 6m.a.s.l.…. 24ºC……………….....
Progreso (San Cristobal Island)…………….....................….250m.a.s.l……..20.7ºC…..... 654mm. 

Puerto Villamil(Isabela Island)……………….........................… 6m.a.s.l….… 22.1ºC……………..….. 

Galapagos wildlife - native Galapagos animals

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